Limestone is a natural stone with white colour. Depending on the projects, it is used in both interior and exterior wall coverings and floors. When limestone is considered, Antalya comes to mind first. Antalya, where limestone is extensively extracted, is located in the Mediterranean Region. In Antalya, besides limestone, some special natural stone reserves such as diabase are also extracted. Limestone which is mostly extracted from the quarries in Iran apart from Turkey is divided into types such as polished, patina, floor, white coating, coating, and raw limestone. This stone, which has increased in use in recent years, is involved in many projects both at home and abroad.
That Turkey is among the countries rich in limestone reserves provides a large amount of export as well as the widespread use of this stone in our country The export of natural stone resources is an important income item for our country. Limestone has an important place among these items. Limestone reserves located in the Yerköy plateau of Yozgat as well as the quarries located in Antalya Beydağları and Finike basin are sufficient to meet the natural stone needs of our country.
What is Limestone?
Limestone has a precipitate content due to its structure and is a limestone originated natural stone. It is defined as a type of limestone solution with a fossil content that dates back to ancient times. It is among the limestone group that can hold polish, be shaped and suitable for processing. Limestone is mostly white, but also has colour options such as beige and light yellow. Minerals with different colours inside it cause colour change. These minerals are materials such as sand, organic residues, clay, iron oxide, and other substances in the area of extraction. While the colour of natural stone containing iron oxide has shades of red, brown and yellow, its colour changes to black, blue or grey when it contains carbon minerals. Natural stone, which can be coloured optionally, also increases its preferability thanks to this feature. This special colouring is provided by using some materials during production and processing. Gorgeous products are created even with the raw white colour of limestone, which is as durable and hard as marble. It adds a feeling of freshness, verdancy, and purity to the living spaces where it is used. Thanks to its remarkable features, the use of stone is becoming more and more common.
Limestone prices are determined based on the quality of the existing plate during production, ease of processing, colour, and pattern matching. Prices are then reshaped based on the features such as square meter size, thickness, dimensions, shape, and total quantity of the product obtained. Prices increase as the popularity demand in its use increases. For the exact price, you can contact Granices which produces with this stone, and you can be informed by the Granices authorities not only in terms of price, but also in terms of the properties of the stone and its products.
Limestone with a wide usage area has many properties. These properties are;
Thanks to its homogeneous structure, it does not put an extra load on high-rise buildings, It looks clean thanks to its light colour, Even when it is used for long-term, there are no problems such as yellowing or discoloration, It has more advantageous prices compared to other natural stones, It can be easily processed, It can protect the outer coatings of structures against external negativities and provide energy advantage to the buildings.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES TABLE
- Hardness 3 – 4 Moh Scale
- Density 2.5 – 2.7 Kg / cm³
- Pressure Resistance 60-170 N / mm²
- Water Absorption less than 1%.
- Porosity Too Low
- Weather Impact Resistant
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS TABLE
- Lime (CaO) 38-42%
- Silica (SiO₂) 15-18%
- Alumina (Al₂O₃) 3-5%
- MgO 0.5 to 3%
- FeO + Fe₂O₃ 1-1.5%
- Alkalis 1-1.5%
- Ignition Loss (LOI) 30-32%
Limestone Usage Areas
Limestone was frequently used in areas such as tombstones, fireplaces, fountains, ornamental pools, baths, columns, countertops, coffee tables, sinks, tables, flower pots, handrails, and sculptures during the Ancient Greek period. The most important reason for preference of limestone, which had such a widespread use at that time, is that it adapts very easily to polishing and brightening applications. Yellow and sesame colours stand out as the most preferred colours other than white.
Since it provides integrity in the building after the application, it is also preferred intensely in terms of architecture. Limestone, which is widely used especially in wall and floor coverings, stands out with its unique colour and quality. The remaining parts after production are evaluated and resized with blasting application, and made suitable for use in different areas. Limestone is used in many fields from the chemical industry to the building industry. It is frequently preferred for wall and floor coverings due to its being robust, decorative, and easy processing. Limestone, which is frequently used in mosque coatings due to its plain and elegant appearance, is highly appreciated. In addition, its usage has started to become widespread in places such as business centres, mansions, houses, and waterside residences. Thanks to its machinable texture, it is also used in mechanical mounting applications after being polished, brush hammered, sandblasted, and honed. As being honed, it is also frequently preferred in facade coating. As it looks aesthetically quite stylish, it is included in the interior decoration as well as the outer coatings. Limestone aged is mostly used in restaurants, cafes, bars, areas behind the TV unit, kitchen counter, fireplace, flower pot, shop window, and various decorative points in the houses. Limestone, which is used as filling material on highways, also plays an active role in cement and mortar production. Being used as a filler in paints and toothpastes, the natural stone is also preferred to neutralize acidic soils. Limestone, which is also subjected to processes such as hammering, acid washing, and burning, is used in different areas based on the properties it possesses after the procedure.